The special geographical position of Emilia Romagna, bridge and at the same time border between the North and the South-Center of Italy, has meant that, over the centuries, this region has acquired a leading role in the political-social affairs. A crossroads of peoples and cultures, a melting pot of people of various ethnic groups, Emilia Romagna is narrator of what happened in our country, from the pre-proto until today.
The wealth of archaeological heritage in Emilia-Romagna allows you to retrace the times of the Earthsea villages, until the Villanovan settlements and then Etruscans, continuing with the invasion of the Gauls and the expansion of the great empires, the first Roman and later Byzantine Empire.
The dawn of civilization in this area are reflected in the remains of the listed Earthsea, urban settlements from the Bronze Age. The villages were protected by fortifications with ramparts, wooden fences and a moat that surrounded the perimeter. The houses were like stilts, made of earth and wood; as they unmade, were rebuilt on the same site, thereby generating a heap of debris that, over the millennia, has given rise to real extremely fertile soil mounds, so that in 800 it was used as a fertilizer.
It’s just the particularity of these hills, then used as fertilizer quarries, which gives its name to these settlements, called “terramare”, literally “sea land”. Missing around 1200 BC, the terremare livse again today, thanks to the valuable network of historical and archaeological sites in many areas of Emilia Romagna, among which there is the Archaeological Park of Montale, located in the town, near Castelnuovo Rangone (Modena) .
The site expands to about 23 thousand square meters and develops an archaeological site including an open-air museum. The excavation area is completely covered and can be visited easily. The therein bookable guided tours help you learn the best story of these archaeological remains, which covers a period of four centuries.
The outdoor museum houses a faithful life-size reconstruction of a portion of Terramare di Montale, complete with a moat, defensive fortifications and two reproductions of the typical huts that made up the village. Pottery artefacts similar to the originals adorn the interior of rural buildings, where you will also be able to admire weapons and tools used at the time of this thriving and productive civilization. Moreover, in the village of Montale you can witness demonstrations of the Explanatory time craft techniques, with an interactive workshop for children and adults.