Villages and culture: Castellarano and its historical buildings

Castellarano is an italian village of ancient origins, situated in the foothills, along the course of the River Secchia, in the province of Reggio Emilia.

Its Historical Center (delicious and well preserved) is without any doubt one of the more suggestive of whole province. Looking typically medieval, the village is dominated by the charming atmosphere of the Rocchetta: an ancient defensive fortification placed just at the foot of the hill of Castellarano. Despite the lack of historical information, the Rocchetta origins are traced back to the half of the fifteenth century.

locanda-le-due-querce-rocchetta-castellaranoCalled in the past “Castelletto” or Door, and still surrounded from the ancient moat, the Rocchetta was once part of those walls that encircled the entire village. The Rocchetta renaissance atmospheres survive in its four towers that define the outer perimeter: Torre Cappellana, Torre Levatoia, Torre della Rosa and the hexagonal Tower.

The Rocchetta has been also used as a private residence: this is witnessed by the beautiful loggia overlooking on inner courtyard, once call “Piazza d’Armi”.

From the Rocchetta a backstreet gets to the Castle: the ancient fortress built by Matilde di Canossa. The building was built for defensive purposes and, over the centuries, was rebuilt many times.

On top of the hill stands the Clock Tower, of medieval origins, which was used to control the traffic along the Secchia River, used in the past for the transportation of goods. The clock is located on the four sides o the tower, driven by a mechanism dating back to the eighteenth century.

Next to the Clock Tower you will find the Parish Church of Santa Maria Assunta, in baroque style, but certainly built on the ruins of an ancient already existing parish church.