Castellarano: the beauty of the medieval village

If you are looking for a pleasant activity to do while staying at Locanda Le Due Querce, take the opportunity to visit the fantastic medieval village of Castellarano, one of the most interesting in the area, reachable in less than half an hour by car.

The origins of the name and interesting features

There are several theories on the origin of the name of this place, each of which is pleasantly linked to the characteristics of the territory:

  • Castrum Arii, castle of Ario, derived from the name of person Arrius, possible ownerLe-Due-Querce-castellarano
  • Castrum olerianum, literally translated as castle of the olive trees, always considered a heritage for the agriculture of the Emilia region
  • Castrum Arianum, castle of the Arians, considering the possible presence of a colony of Ariani Longobards established in the post-Roman era. These testimonies are documented by numerous archaeological findings and a large necropolis with graves mostly belonging to warriors, with funerary equipment made up of weapons.

The first settlements in the territory date back to 2000 BC. and the main people that settled there were: the Ligurians, the Etruscans, the Gauls, the Romans and the Lombards. There are numerous findings that allow visitors to make a surprising dip in the past at the museums of Modena and Reggio Emilia.
The historic center of Castellarano is perfectly preserved and is surrounded by the Rocchetta, a fifteenth-century municipal public asset designed to watch over the river Secchia, where you can see the Parish Church of Santa Maria Assunta in the center. The Castle and the Clock Tower are reachable through easily accessible routes!

History of the Rocchetta of Castellarano

From the Rocchetta of Castellarano it was developed a circle of walls: there are not many historical information that allow us to date precisely the construction, probably occurred in the second half of the fifteenth century. The irregular plan consists of three main towers – the Torre Levatoia, the Torre Cappellana and the Torre della Rosa – once equipped with shutters for protection, to which is added the original heptagonal tower.
In the vault of the Cappellana door the original fresco “Madonna della Ghiara” was found, recovered in the seventies and now kept in the Municipal office.
La Rocchetta allows visitors to make pleasant discoveries, including:

  • The defense moat in which the water of the Rio di Castellarano once flowed
  • The three “doors”: the Porta Maggiore with the Torre Levatoia, the Porta Cappellana, and the last one leading directly to the Castle and surmounted by the Torre della Rosa
  • The Piazzale Cairoli, once built to not allow the exit to the enemy who had passed the Porta Maggiore
  • The “loggia”, which with its six arches overlooks the moat and the square in front
  • The walkway that leads along the ramparts of the Torre Levatoia, through the open gallery, up to the hanging garden

Visiting the internal village of the town of Castellarano you can immerse yourself in the medieval world, observing a magnificent landscape.
Do not miss this attraction, suitable for adults and children! In addition to ensuring a pleasant stay, we will advise you on the best attractions to visit.

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